Saint Paul is the capital of Minnesota, and seat of Ramsey county. Situated in the southeastern part of the state, St. Paul is at the head of navigation on the Mississippi River near its confluence with the Minnesota River. The city adjoins Minneapolis on the west, and together they form the Twin Cities metropolitan area, the largest conurbation in the state and in the U.S. north-central region. Suburban communities include Roseville (north), Maplewood (north and east), Woodbury (east), Cottage Grove (southeast), and South St. Paul and Eagan (south).
St. Paul is a major education, health care, government, financial, and industrial centre. Highly diversified manufactures include automobiles, chemicals, computer products and software, tools, machinery, and medical equipment. Insurance, high-technology industries, food processing, oil refining, and convention business are also important. The city is corporate headquarters of 3M (Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Company). The Twin Cities region is a rail and trucking centre and includes a major international airport on the southwestern corner of St. Paul. The Skyway, a system of enclosed, climate-controlled pedestrian walkways located at the second-floor level, connects various points in the downtown area.
St. Paul is the home of some dozen institutions of higher education, including the main campus of the College of St. Catherine (Roman Catholic; 1905), the University of St. Thomas (Roman Catholic; 1885), Hamline University (Methodist; 1854), Macalester College (1874), Bethel University (Baptist; 1871), Luther Seminary (Lutheran; 1869), Concordia University (Lutheran; 1893), a campus of Metropolitan State University (1971), and a part of the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (1851), campus.
The state capitol, Minnesota’s third, was designed by architect Cass Gilbert and was completed in 1904. Dominating the concourse of the 20-story city hall and county courthouse (1931) is Vision of Peace, a 36-foot- (11-metre-) high statue of white Mexican onyx, by Swedish sculptor Carl Milles. Other historic buildings include the Alexander Ramsey House (1872), the James J. Hill House (1891), the Landmark Center (1902), and the Cathedral of St. Paul (1915). Sibley House Historic Site preserves the 1836 home of Henry Sibley, Minnesota’s first governor.
The city’s cultural institutions include the Science Museum of Minnesota, the Minnesota Museum of American Art, the Minnesota Transportation Museum, and a children’s and a historical museum. The Ordway Center for the Performing Arts is the home of the Minnesota Opera and the renowned St. Paul Chamber Orchestra. Como Park on the city’s northwest side has a conservatory and a zoo. The Xcel Energy Center (opened 2000) houses the Wild, Minnesota’s professional ice hockey team. Mississippi National River and Recreation Area (1988), which includes St. Paul’s riverfront areas, is headquartered in the city. The annual St. Paul Winter Carnival features parades and other outdoor events and ice and snow sculptures.
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